There is some agreement that, in addition to sustainable organizations, cities are key to addressing the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations regarding things like climate change, poverty, and inequality. Research suggests that cities enjoy lower pollution and higher voluntary environmental standards when they have: 1) more corporate headquarters located in them (consistent with ideas related to place-based organizing), 2) more nonprofit environmental organizations (consistent with the idea that information and action changes structures and system), 3) better educated citizens, and 4) lower economic inequality between rich and poor.
Rousseau, H.E., Berrone, P., & Gelabert, L. (2019 in press). Localizing sustainable development goals: Nonprofit density and city sustainability. Academy of Management Discoveries.